One in five people (22 percent) living in an area affected by conflict has depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, and about 9 percent of conflict-affected populations have a moderate to severe mental health condition, according to an analysis of 129 studies published in The Lancet.
The figures are substantially higher than the global estimate for these mental health conditions in the general population, which stands at one in 14 people.
The findings suggest that past studies underestimated the burden of mental health conditions in conflict-affected areas – with higher rates of severe mental health conditions (5 percent at any one time in the new study compared to 3-4 percent over a 12-month-period in the 2005 estimates), and also of mild to moderate mental health conditions (17 percent at any one time in the new estimates compared to 15-20 percent over a 12-month period in previous estimates).
Overall, the mean prevalence was highest for mild mental health conditions (13 percent), for moderate the prevalence, was 4 percent, and for severe conditions, the prevalence was 5 percent.
The revised estimates use research from 129 studies and data from 39 countries published between 1980 and August 2017, including 45 new studies published between 2013 and August 2017. Settings that have experienced conflict in the last 10 years were included.
There was limited data for bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, so estimates for these conditions were based on global estimates and do not take into account any increased risk of these conditions in conflict settings. Cases were categorized as mild, moderate or severe. Natural disasters and public health emergencies, such as Ebola, were not included.
“I am confident that our study provides the most accurate estimates available today of the prevalence of mental health conditions in areas of conflict,” said the lead author of the study Fiona Charlson of the University of Queensland, Australia and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, USA. “Estimates from previous studies have been inconsistent, with some finding inconceivably low or high rates. In this study, we used more stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria for the literature search, and advanced search strategies and statistical methods.”
Currently, there are major conflict-induced humanitarian crises in a number of countries, including Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.
In 2016, the number of armed conflicts reached an all-time high, with 53 ongoing conflicts in 37 countries and 12 percent of the world’s population living in an active conflict zone. Nearly 69 million people worldwide have been forcibly displaced by violence and conflict, the highest number since World War II.
“The new estimates, together with already available practical tools for helping people with mental health conditions in emergencies, add yet more weight to the argument for immediate and sustained investment, so that mental and psychosocial support is made available to all people in need living through conflict and its aftermath,” said study author Dr Mark van Ommeren, of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at the World Health Organization.
Dr van Ommeren concluded: “In conflict situations and other humanitarian emergencies, WHO provides support in many ways: firstly, by supporting coordination and by assessing the mental health needs of populations affected, secondly by determining what existing support is available on the ground and what more is needed; and thirdly by helping provide the capacity for support when it isn’t sufficient, either through training or bringing in additional resources.”
SaharaReporters, New York
Tiwa Savage’s “49-99” Hits 5 million Views On YouTube
Tiwa Savage’s 2019 hit single’s “49-99” has surpassed 5 million views on YouTube.
Tiwa Savage’s official first single of the year “49-99” instantly became a sensation at the time of its release. The track topped charts and is still receiving massive airplay worldwide and in celebration of attaining 5 million views, Tiwa Savage took to her Instagram page to appreciate fans and the crew that helped create the iconic video.
She wrote This truly ICONIC video hit 5M today on YouTube, thank you so much. To EVERYONE that worked on this WE created the BEST video from this side of the world in 2019 … 49-99 out on all streaming platforms and on my YouTube channel. Please keep streaming and spreading the word
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This truly ICONIC video hit 5M today on YouTube, thank you so much To EVERYONE that worked on this WE created the BEST video from this side of the world in 2019 … NO ? ?????????????????????????? 49-99 out on all streaming platforms and on my YouTube channel Please keep streaming and spreading the word ????
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Dj Cuppy Goes On Little Shopping Spree, Splashes Half A Million Naira On Shoes
Nigerian ace Dj, Florence Ifeoluwa Otedola Dj Cuppy has purchased over 10 shoes worth half a million naira.
In today’s episode of the expensive lifestyle of Nigerian celebrities, Dj Cuppy who is a regular makes another appearance and this time its for the purchase of over 10 expensive shoes.
The singer took to her Instagram story show flaunt her newly purchased Addidas shoes. Each shoe is estimated to cost over $150 and the “Gelato” singer bought about 10 based on the pictures she posted.
See the pictures and video below:
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Watch The Moment Davido’s Unborn Son Bagged His First Endorsement Deal
DMW boss, Davido has given details of his son’s first multi-millionaire endorsement deal.
Davido’s unborn son bagged his first endorsement deal with a diaper company even when he hasn’t been born yet. The deal which is said to worth millions of naira was announced by the proud parents via their Instagram page yesterday.
The video of the press conference, however, has surfaced on the internet where Davido revealed that his unborn son is the first ambassador of the company which is valid is for a year. He also explained that plans to start the mass production of the diapers locally have been put in place and that he would also be doing giveaways in the future.
Watch the video below:
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Chris Brown Shares Adorable Video Of Daughter, Royalty Dancing Like Micheal Jackson
Chris Brown’s daughter, Royalty certainly got the dancing gene from her dada.
Chris Brown and his 5-year-old daughter, Royalty have an unbreakable bond which is not common with most artsites. The singer has, on many occasions has revealed that the bond was formed as a result of his own poor upbringing on the streets without a father figure.
Over the years, little Royalty has made regular appearances on her father’s Instagram account worming her way into the hearts of millions of fans and, it appears her dancing skills have improved. The proud father took to his Instagram page to share the adorable video of Royalty dancing to one of his old tracks in a Micheal Jackson like manner.
Watch the adorable video below:
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SkiiBii Gets Customized Neck Piece Covered With Over 100 Diamond Pieces
Nigerian artiste, Skiibii has just gotten himself a very expensive neckpiece from US-based Jewelers, IceBox.
The “Daz How Stars Do” singer took to his Instagram story to share a picture of the neckpiece which has his name “Skiibii” engraved on it. The custom made piece from international jewelers, Icebox has over 100 diamond pieces which certainly must have cost a whole fortune.
See the picture below:
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