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Forty Years After, Petrol Price Remains Irregular In Nigeria



The Marine Transport Average (MTA) Zibima referred to is a 15kobo Nigerians pay on every litre of petroleum product they purchase. The purpose of this surcharge is to make sure people living in the creeks of the Niger Delta and other riverine communities can buy petrol at a maximum price of N145. When multiplied by the 19,785,236,180.71 liters of petrol the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) supplied in the last year, the total funds accrued to the MTA in 2018 is N2.97 billion.

The reporter engaged Zibima to find out how cheap it is to afford legally distributed gasoline in the region where all of Nigeria’s oil and gas are drilled.

“It fluctuates, it depends on supply. For the past couple of months, it has been stable at N145. Outside the state capital you’ll get it at N180-200 and in the riverine areas it is a lot higher,” he replied.

Zibima is a resident of Yenagoa, the Bayelsa state capital. The oil-rich state appeared twice on the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics (NBS), monthly Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) – same as petrol, price watch. His job of ensuring the creeks of the Delta are free of oil spills and gas flares  takes him out to these areas, where transportation of petrol by road is an impossible fit.

Within and outside the Niger Delta, the government’s short term plan of making petrol prices uniform across the country has remained a dream 44 years on.

Disparate Prices in the South-South

Views like Zibima’s is most likely what formed the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) hypothesis and spurred it to collate data on how much people buy petrol for across the country. In its PMS Price watch for 2018, December was the only month in the year the national average price was close to the N145 cost ceiling when it stood at N145.80. In that month, Bayelsa state popped up as one of the top three places where the average price of PMS was above N145-N150.

This was the state’s second appearance on that list. The first time was in July when the average price was N151.67. A neighboring state to Bayelsa-Delta also appeared once on NBS watch list of places where it is most expensive to buy petrol in Nigeria. Delta state’s appearance was in September; PMS was sold for N150.92 on an average.

“In the riverine areas it is different,” says Collins Newuwumi, a resident of Warri-Delta state’s commercial hub. He was speaking to the price differential of petrol between the riverine area and urban towns. Collins informed SaharaReporters that N145 remains the going price in urban settlements like Warri and Benin- the capital of Edo, another Niger-Delta state.

“[In Warri] it is still the same N145. It is the same in Benin. I was there on Saturday and Sunday. In the riverine areas some sell for as high as N250, some N200 and some N180. You know they would add the transport for moving it to different locations.” 

Collins’s observation gives witness to Zibima’s assertion that the MTA is not applied in the transportation of petrol via water.

Did he have to buy petrol above N145 at any point in time in 2018 in Warri?

“Around September October but in December it came to the normal price,” Collins replied. “The marketers just did it on their own. There was some money they wanted from the government and the money didn’t come at all.”

“How much were you buying petrol for during that period?” the reporter probed further.

”It is between N148-150, its only Matrix (Filling station) that was selling at N145.” Collins responded.

The Failure Of The Distribution Margin

It all started in 1975 when the Petroleum Equalization Fund Management Board (PEF-MB), was created as a stop-gap measure to fill-in the gulf left by the country’s inability to meet its fuel needs across the country. It led to a smattering of prices in different locations, as transporters sought to cash in on the vacuum left by damaged pipelines and refineries that needed maintaining.

PEF-MB was then given the task of ensuring the price of petrol is uniform across the country. It executes this function through a set of payments added to the final landing cost of a litre of petrol called Distribution Margin (DM).

Sahara Reporters reached out to the Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA), to confirm the accuracy of this template but the official the reporter was directed to in Operations, was unwilling to provide any information on updates. The links on its website, which relate to the reporter’s search result, were inactive. A search of template opened a webpage with the heading ‘page not found.’ Stories in the media have however quoted the value of DM to be N14.30.

Despite the N18.37 paid on each litre of petrol brought into the country, legible hand writings on the wall and personal experiences say DM has been unable to keep the prices of petrol beneath a price ceiling- in this case, N145 per litre.

The Equalization dream

Since the DM is priced into the cost of a litre of petrol, the marketers serve as agents for PEF-MB. PEF-MB carries out its equalization attempts through three schemes- besides the MTA. Under the National Transport Average, marketers who have filling stations close to depots pay into the fund, while those with filling stations far-off from petrol storage facilities claim from the fund.

Under the Bridging fund, marketers are engaged to help supply depots whose source of purchase- pipelines, and refineries, are either broken or undergoing maintenance. If the distance between the facility where the truck gets its supplies and the receiving depot is more than 450km, it is classed as a bridging fund. If it is less than 450, it is described as inter-district scheme.

As at the time of publishing this piece, there is no provision for the equalization of petroleum products via rail or water. Still, 15K is priced for the equalization of petrol product supplied by marine transport.


Floating stations or Floating Mammoths

As the story goes, former Nigerian President, Olusegun Obasanjo had the vision to end illegal oil refining in the Niger Delta region by seeking out ways of flooding the oil-rich territory with the needed by-products of petroleum. After a 2004 tour of the area, he tasked the NNPC to come up with a way of constructing retail outlets in the creeks.

In 2006, the NNPC Engineering team then headed by Mrs. O. A. Somolu, partnered with Julius Berger to create what Wolfgang Goetsch, then head of Oil and Gas Business in the Nigerian arm of the construction conglomerate, called a ‘technical wonder.’ The first of the 12 ‘mega floating stations,’ was deployed in Okerenkoko-Delta State.

Eleven more were distributed across the various parts of the oil-laden region. By 2010, NNPC Retail said four of the 12 floating stations were functional.

However, in 2011, indigenes close to the Okerenkoko filling station described the project as another cliché ‘White elephant.’

Sources close to the matter informed SaharaReporters that at the moment, no floating station is presently functional.

Floating stations and MTA

The reporter had no inkling of floating stations before starting the story. In a conversation with a source close to how the downstream sector and price equalization operates, he was informed that the MTA goes into the leveling of prices in not just riverine areas but mountainous terrains as well.

The official went on to elaborate on how Nigeria is not prepared for deregulation, because the country does not have the attendant legal and infrastructural capacity to open up the retail end of the petroleum industry to free spirit competition. An offshoot of the heavily regulated petrol sale is that NNPC uses contractors to supply hydrocarbon products to the floating stations.

These contractors are expected to sell on or below the N145 ceiling. A contractor in Bayelsa, who asked not to be named, said fees are paid to them by the government-owned juggernaut. These commissions are however not sufficient and the filling (floating) stations are not enough to serve the state.

Consequently, residents of communities in creeks that are far from the fuel pumps, still buy above N145 when the floating stations were functional.

The big question is that since NNPC supplies the floating stations does it claim from the MTA as it does from the NTA, inter-district scheme and bridging fund?

After many futile efforts, a source in the industry finally gave something close to an answer:

“Nobody claims from the MTA, it goes into accrual,” the source claims, but, when told of the floating stations, the source said ‘no floating station is in operation.’

Each of those 12 floating stations, cost between N700-N950 million. The industry source went on to state that there are considerations to scrap the MTA. Just like the failed attempt to equalize prices across the country, efforts at increasing the volume of petroleum products sent to the creeks have failed.

“For reasons that were not explained to the affected communities, the products floating stations have since stopped functioning, thus making the operators of marine transportation services go in search of fuel in distant places in the hinterlands which consequently result in a hike in the cost of marine transportation with its attendant ripple effects of escalation of the prices of goods and services,” the contractor in Bayelsa said.

Have the other three schemes worked?

It is not only the Niger Delta states of Bayelsa, Delta, and Akwa Ibom that appeared on NBS’ PMS Price watch, Taraba state in the Northeast of the country, featured on the list in all of the fourth quarter of 2018

The states that dominated the list were in the Northeast and Northwest region of the country. Taraba was on NBS radar as one of the most expensive places to buy PMS on six occasions. Kebbi was captured five times and Borno four times.

On a nationwide average, the closest the country came to N145 was in December, when the NNPC flooded the country with gasoline to avoid the formation of queues. The average price for December was N145.80. The month that witnessed the highest supply of petrol was March. This was the last month of the fuel scarcity and only in Abuja – the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), could petrol be bought for N145.

If the non-utilization of MTA is behind the price of PMS in communities surrounded by water being above the N145 mark, why then that areas accessible by the road do not get petrol at N145?

The downstream subsector source the reporter spoke with, said marketers are to blame for the hike. He further advised Nigerians to post pictures of filling stations that sold petrol above N145.

Data made available to SaharaReporters, suggests that another concrete reason could be indebtedness. According to the figures seen, as at 2017, retailers – NNPC, Major Oil Marketers Association of Nigeria (MOMAN), and Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN), failed to remit N196 billion to the board. PEF-MB on its part was unable to pay N53.3 billion to marketers as at November 2017.

The downstream source explained that the debt owed between PEF-MB and the marketers is rolled over and should not affect the ability of the marketers to sell at the N145 ceiling. The source, however, declined to give an update on the current debt profile.

The Cost of the failed policy

Data obtained from NNPC’s Monthly Financial and Operations report throughout the 2018 calendar, says the corporation supplied 19,785,236,180.71 liters of petrol across the country during the year. The product was sourced from its government-owned refineries, direct sale-direct purchase agreements with traders who buy petroleum and sell the refined products to the country and offshore processing agreements with refineries across the Atlantic.

If the total litres of petrol sold are multiplied by the N18.37 priced into the cost- according to pricing templates which PPPRA were unwilling to confirm, Nigerians would have paid ₦363,454,788,639.64 in 2018 to ensure every resident of the country is able to buy gasoline at the same price.

Ahmed Bobboi, Executive-Secretary of PEF-MB, says the agency will soon develop an effective framework for transporting petroleum products via rail and water. This would most likely mean an adjustment to the template.

In the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill (PIGB), which was rejected by the President, PEF-MB was to receive 5% of the price of every litre of refined petroleum to keep its pipe-dream alive. If the legal and infrastructural framework alluded to by the source close to the operations of price equalization are put in place, investors could have plugged-in refineries, which would have in-turn pressurized the government to build secured pipeline networks to convey refined crude to needy processors.

Goddi Nnadi, Head of Corporate Communications for PEF-MB said he was on a four-month course and he could not recommend any other official to speak on the issues raised when he was contacted.




Original Author

SaharaReporters, New York

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Lil Uzi Vert

US Rapper, Lil Uzi Vert Offers To Help Pay Man’s 32 Million College Fees




American rapper, Lil Uzi Vert has put an overwhelming smile on the face of a college student by offering to pay his college fees which is worth the sum of $90, 000 (32 million naira).

The rapper who was taking a walk with some of his associates was yelled at by the student who asked if Lil Uzi could help pay his school fees.

Uzi on hearing the boy turned back to have a proper understanding of the man wish. “Can you pay for my college tuition?” the man asked.

Uzi then replied, saying, “How much is your college tuition?” the man responded telling him he’s a student of a university in America and said that his school fees is worth 90,000 dollars.

Uzi then said, “I could pay for that, but this is the thing, though. If i pay for your college tuition are you gonna finish college or are you gonna bullsh*t?”

“Nah, One hundred percent, I don’t bullsh*t. I’ll finish.” Lil Uzi wanted to know what his Instagram name was and the man told him. “Make sure you show me all of your transcripts, everything. Show me all of your papers and everything and you can get $90,000 from me…if you don’t show me, you won’t get $90 grand. You gotta show me proof.”


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Lil Uzi just agreed to pay for his $90,000 college tuition. ??? (Submitted by @bigassheel, @zachariahahmad)

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Maria okan

Popular OAP, Maria Okan, Gives Birth To Olamide’s 3rd Child In London




Popular Nigerian On-Air-Personality and rumoured Ex-Olamide mistress, Maria Okan, has given birth to a bouncing baby girl at an hospital in the United Kingdom.

Prior to her delivery, it was rumoured that she was pregnant for YBNL boss, Olamide and went against the wish of the singer not to keep the baby by running to the UK to nurture the pregnancy until she finally delivered.

It was even rumoured that Olamide gave her the sum of one million naira in order to get rid of the pregnancy, however according to reports, she turned deaf ears.

It now appears the rumoured Olamide pregnancy has now become a baby as she has now delivered.

Meanwhile, throughout the pregnancy rumour, Olamide never said a thing, let’s see if he keeps to that tactic when the news of his alleged new born baby escalates.


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I can’t stop crying. Look at what I made! Asaiah Monifé Maria. 16th August 2019, 12:56am. 6.6 lb. Word is born! Thank you God.

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Davido news

Davido Reveals He Wants One Of His Fans To Name His Forthcoming Sophomore Album




Davido has revealed he is absolving himself from any powers to be able to name his forthcoming sophomore album and that he wants a fan of his to be the one to give a name to the highly anticipated album.

The superstar singer who has been putting so much work since the start of the year to create a masterpiece of an album took to his Twitter page just moments ago to make the announcement.

He also revealed that the album is almost completely done as he has just 3 songs left to record.

In his words, he said; “Give me a name for my album… 3 songs left to record!! I want a fan to name my album.”

This move by the superstar has further raised the anticipation level of waiting music fans and they can not wait to experience arguably the most sought after album in 2019.


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Check Out Zlatan’s N1.2 Million Naira Balenciaga Outfit || See Pictures




Zlatan spent over 1.2million naira on just one outfit. Absurd right?

Zlatan would not be the first and last Nigerian artiste to flaunt expensive designer wears as the likes of Davido, Wizkid, Tiwa Savage are always clothed in very expensive attires. However, he is the latest to spend an enormous amount on just clothing.

The singer took to his Instagram page to share a picture of his very stylish outfit and also to reveal that a large proportion of his income is spent on clothes. He wrote “I spend money on the things I wear !! ?? ??? .

Looking closely at the picture, one would think he is a Balenciaga ambassador because his entire outfit is a complete set from the fashion brand.

Here is a breakdown of his outfit:

Balenciaga Pouch Strap costs $695 dollars equivalent to N250,200

Balenciaga Track Led Trainers costs $995 equivalent to N358,200

Balenciaga BB0003 Rectangle glasses costs $339 equivalent to N122,040

Balenciaga All Over Logo Normal Fit Shirt costs $595 which is equivalent to N214,200

Balenciaga Pants costs $850 which is equivalent to N306,000

The total amounts to $3,474 which is exactly N1,250,640 



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I spend money on the things I wear !! ?? ??? ? @22.jumpstr

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Naira Marley News

Naira Marley Shows Off Newly Acquired Porsche Worth N32 Million Naira




Controversial artiste, Naira Marley has just acquired a Porsche and the price is ridiculous.

Naira Marley is certainly living La Vida Loca as he has officially joined the Porsche gang. The “Soapy” singer met up with Burna Boy, Zlatan and some other members of his gang to paint the town red in their usual fashion .

The music stars showed off their dope dancing skills on social media which fans always look forward to. However, in of the videos shared by Zlatan Ibile which is currently making rounds on the internet, Naira Marly was seen grinning in front of a Porsche Panamera estimated to be about $91,950 which is approximately 32 million naira.

Naira Marly doesn’t look like he is ready to slow down regardless of his case with the EFCC. It would be of no surprise if he acquires another exotic car.



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Soapy Crooner, Naira Marley Acquires a 2010 Porsche Panamera Car.

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